For your best colon treatment, you can go for a treatment trial to understand which treatment will best suit you. A clinical trial means the research study of the test you are going to take. This clinical trial you can do with your consult doctor. In the case of colon cancer treatment plan usually, different doctors are combined together to perform different types of treatment. Treatment of colon cancer includes different treatment and doctors at a time like a surgeon, medical oncologist, and gastroenterologist. 

For the treatment of colon cancer, you can go for different treatment options listed below.

Surgery

The option generally chooses by people is surgery in this tumour is removed and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. Surgery of colon cancer is generally called surgical resection. In this procedure, some part of the healthy tissue of colon and rectum is removed too, and some parts of the lymphatic nodes are removed too. For colon cancer, surgery oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer-using surgery. These colon cancer surgeons can also be called as a psychologist. 

Colon cancer surgery treatment also includes 

Laparoscopic surgery

Colon cancer patients can even have laparoscopic surgery to remove colon cancer or tumour. In laparoscopic surgery, scopes are passed into the abdomen. The whole surgery is performed while the patient is in anaesthesia. Anaesthesia can be given through medicines or by injection, which blocks the feeling of the pain. In laparoscopic surgery, the treatment is generally done in less period of time and also take less time for recovery. Laparoscopic surgery treatment is usually a successful treatment and performed by specially trained in those techniques. 

Colostomy for rectal cancer

Colon cancer or rectal cancer patient can even go through Colostomy for rectal cancer treatment. Colostomy for rectal cancer is also a surgical method In this type of treatment, a small opening or stoma is done. In that small opening of the stoma, the colon is connected to the abdominal surface to provide a pathway for waste to exit the patient’s body. The waste, which excited from the body, is collected by the pouch, which is worn by the colon cancer patient. Many times Colostomy for rectal cancer treatment is for a temporary period of time to heal the patient from pain, but in a few cases, this can be permanent as well. 

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or cryoablation

When colon cancer stages increases and colon cancer cells move to another part of the body organs too, doctors can also suggest for Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or cryoablation colon cancer treatment. In 

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or cryoablation cancer treatment surgery is done on the liver or lungs to remove tumours that have spread to those organs.

The other way is to go for energy used in the form of radiofrequency waves to heat the tumours. This technique is called RFA, or to freeze the tumour, called cryoablation. In another colon cancer treatment option, the parts of the liver and lung tissue are not removed. 

Radiation therapy

In radiation therapy treatment of colon cancer, high radiation of X-rays is used to kill or destroy the colon cancer cells. The doctor who performs radiation therapy treatment of colon cancer is known as a radiation oncologist. Radiation therapy colon cancer treatment is generally done by a colon cancer patient because in this tumour tends to recur near where it originally started.

The radiation therapy, colon treatment is further divided into several therapies, which are given over the time period of the whole radiation therapy.

External-beam radiation therapy

In this part of the radiation therapy, external beam radiations are used to locate the X-rays to the cancer location. External beam radiation therapy is generally given for five days a week and this continued to several other weeks.

Stereotactic radiation therapy

In this part of the radiation therapy, external beam radiations are used to help the saved parts of the liver and lung; otherwise, they have to be removed during the time of surgery. This stereotactic radiation therapy is, however, generally applied to colon cancer patients. 

Other types of radiation therapy

In some cases of colon cancer radiation therapy treatment, some special techniques are used depending upon the condition of the body and their stage or complexity of colon cancer. This other kinds of radiation therapies for colon cancer treatment are: 

  1. Intraoperative radiation therapy

In this small amount of affected part is to be removed by the single beam of the high dose of radiation therapy 

  1. Brachytherapy

Brachytherapy radiation therapy is a little different from all radiation therapy in the treatment of colon cancer. Radioactive “seeds” are used and are placed inside the body with a product called SIR-Spheres. Yttrium-90, which are a tiny amount of radioactive products, which are injected into the liver so that they can treat colorectal cancer, which has spread to the liver when surgery is not an option.

Medication therapies treatment

Medication therapy treatments are also used by doctors to treat colon cancers. In medication therapy treatment, they kill cancerous colon cells by medicating the bloodstream, which reaches to cancer cells throughout the body. The doctor who will perform a colon cancer patient treatment through medication is called the medical oncologist. 

When patients choose medications therapy, treatment for his/her colon cancer treatment, then one must talk to his/her doctor learn about the medications prescribed for you, their purpose, and their potential side effects or interactions with other medications. 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is also included in medication therapy, as in Chemotherapy, doctors use drugs to destroy cancer cells. The purpose of Chemotherapy is ending the cancer cells ability to grow and divide further. 

Chemotherapy requires proper scheduling which usually consists of a specific number of cycles, which is given over a set period of time.

Chemotherapy can also be given after surgery to kill or to destroy the remaining colon cancerous cells if needed, and in some cases, Chemotherapy is also given before surgery of colon cancer to reduce the number the cancerous colon cells from rectal. Many different kinds of drugs are used to perform Chemotherapy to cure colon cancer patients. 

Targeted colon cancer therapy 

The specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment have been targeted in target colon cancer treatment. These specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment are those who contribute to cancer growth and survival. Targeted colon cancer treatment blocks the growth and also element them by the spread of cancer cells. 

Many studies and cases of colon treatment have. Shown that the Targeted colon cancer treatment is benefited to older patients than those of young ones. Targeted colon cancer treatment has different options those are: 

Anti-angiogenesis therapy 

The main target of anti-angiogenesis therapy is to stop angiogenesis by making new blood vessels. This is done because the tumour needs nutrients, which are delivered by blood vessels to grow and spread. The ultimate goal of Anti-angiogenesis therapy is to make tumour stave. Anti-angiogenesis therapy is further divided into three parts 

Regorafenib (Stivarga)

Ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap) and ramucirumab (Cyramza).

Bevacizumab (Avastin)

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors –

In drugs that block EGFR may be effective for stopping or slowing the growth of colorectal cancer drugs is used so that the doctors can block EGFR, which can be a real cure for stopping or slowing the growth of colorectal cancer. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are further divided into two parts 

Cetuximab

Panitumumab (Vectibix)

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